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          全是干貨!2019年首場SAT都考了啥?歷史閱讀很難?

          2019-03-14 16:48     供稿單位: 新航道    

          出國英語考試有哪些 雅思6.5是什么水平 雅思閱讀評分標準 托福閱讀評分標準 雅思和托福的區別

            2019年的首場SAT考試已落下帷幕,這是SAT自改革之后在全球范圍內的第35場考試,在亞太地區的第14場考試,整體考試難度中等,相比于18年12月的亞太場難度略高一些,歷史和小說話題比較耳熟能詳,不難理解。


            今天小編請到新航道SAT名師宋佳文老師來為大家exclusive回顧本次的考試,宋老師非常善長SAT教學,教授出數百名SAT高分學員!親切幽默的授課方式被同學們稱為“微笑女神”。本期“微笑女神”詳解考情分析+考試內容,帶你溫故知新!

            


            閱讀部分

            考情分析:

            整體難度一般,第二篇歷史類文章閱讀難度較大。


            考試內容:

            文章順序:小說-歷史-自然科學-社科-雙對比


            Passage 1:小說類 Make your home among strangers

            作者、文章簡介鏈接:

            https://firstgen.naspa.org/book/make-your-home-among-strangers


            文章內容:

            Liz很喜歡上biology 課,她收到professor郵件后非常忐忑,因為Professor沒有告訴她見面原因,也沒有從語氣中透露任何信息。她以為自己太差了,教授要把她從這個課請出去。教授是個非常仔細的人,對學生們的細節要求很高,Liz收到郵件后就回想自己在實驗室的時候,每個細節有沒有照professor的要求做到。

            在meeting 之前的一堂三個小時的生物課,Liz以為是自己最后一次上課,要和實驗室里的各種設備say goodbye了。她覺得professor是這種人:show her frustration with kindness. 當你打碎儀器的時候,她用很高的音調說“It’s okay”, 你打掃碎玻璃的時候她就在旁邊,幫你看著哪里有沒掃的玻璃,等你掃完了,掃帚放好了,她又看見了碎玻璃,會溫柔地讓你重新拿掃帚掃。

            課程結束了,Liz忐忑地去找教授。professor問她喜歡生物課嗎?她說喜歡。問她的夢想是什么?Liz為了討好教授說相當科學家,但她真正的夢想是醫生。故事真相是——professor有一個summer research position 想推liz去.




            Passage 2: 歷史類 a speech of Franklin in 1787


            原文鏈接:

            https://www.bartleby.com/268/8/12.html


            文章內容:

            Two passions of men that have great impact, 一種是ambition, 第二是the pursuit of money and power. If you show a man a post of power, 他會不遺余力地得到它。接著作者用英國政府中存在這樣的職位競爭,導致conflict不斷來支持前面的觀點。(此處考了一道尋證題)


            第二段以問題開頭—是哪種人會不遺余力獲取權力金錢呢?一定不是愛好和平,humble, patient這一類人;卻是ambitious, 有欲望的人。


            第三段講the conflict between the governing and the governed, 人民越不想被統治,統治階級對權力和金錢的需求和欲望越大,他要錢去討好支持他的黨派們以鞏固自己的地位,錢肯定要從人民稅收中來,這是主要矛盾點。




            Passage 3: 自然科學類 The Greatest Show on Earth: The Evidence for Evolution

            原文簡介:

            https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Greatest_Show_on_Earth:_The_Evidence_for_Evolution


            文章內容:

            一種名為ps 的動物,originally from 一個地方名為pk, 在另外一個叫PM 的地方是不存在的,1971年的時候,科學家把一部分ps 這種動物運到PM。2008年再比較兩個物種的時候,科學家預測PM上的PS和PK上的PS是一樣的。(緊接著后面的內容出了尋證題)但是這樣推測是沒有道理的,因為不管怎樣這36年PK上的PS一定也是進化了的,有改變的。


            第二段篇幅非常短: 那兩個地方的PS有什么區別?PM上的PS這種動物頭更大,更寬,更高,咬肌更發達。他們相對于PK上的PS更多吃草,PK上的更多吃Insects。


            第三段既然PM上的動物吃草,為什么要更發的的咬肌呢?因為植物有細胞壁,相比肉類,更需要強大的咬肌。而且PM上的動物胃里有特殊的細菌和其他微生物幫助消化植物。 其他的不同之處是PM上的PS密度更大。


            Passage 4: 社會科學類 Adapted from Wray Herbert: On second thought: outsmarting your mind’s hard-wired habits.

            文章內容:

            這篇文章開頭2段講了人們根據對貨幣或事物的熟悉度來判斷事物的價值,并不總是根據事物的客觀價值。人們是根據心理熟悉度作出反應的,熟悉帶來comfort, 不熟悉帶來discomfort,由此產生了事物價值高低之分。


            后面的段落引用研究人員Adam Altman and Daniel Oppenheimer設計的三個實驗證明上述結論,The first個實驗是給被實驗人1 dollar和1 susan B,讓其對生活常用品,比如紙巾,筆等進行評估價值, 盡管兩者在價值上相同,但是由于人們只對一美元熟悉,普遍對一美元的購買力賦予更高價值。


            為了進一步證明的普遍性,實驗人員給了被實驗著2 dollars (現實中不存在)和2 shinges, 雖然2美元上印著美國開國元勛杰弗遜的頭像,人們由于對其不熟悉,給予其的購買力價值相對較低。


            第三個實驗對人們對與熟悉度的偏好有個更進一步的驗證。給予被實驗人2組字體的物品清單,一組較為熟悉,另一組不清晰,被實驗者做出了和上述兩個實驗相同的結果,這就是Adam Altman and Daniel Oppenheimer 提出的 fluency heuristic,強調familiarity導致人們習慣性賦予其較高價值。



            5.自然科學類 雙篇

            文章來源:

            https://www.nhbs.com/genesis-the-scientific-quest-for-lifes-origin-book


            Passage1  Robert Hazen的Genesis: The Scientific Quest for Life's Origin


            Passage 2 取自 university of North Carolina School of Medicine的文章biochemists resurrect: molecular fossils: findings challenge the attempts about origins of life(發表在sciencedaily上)


            文章內容:

            Passage1 上世紀80年代對于RNA ribozymes的發現開啟了人們理解生命起源的新篇章,1989年兩位科學因此領域研究獲得諾貝爾獎。

            在以前的知識體系下,DNA和Protein是雞生蛋蛋生雞的關系:DNA攜帶信息,protein制造和表達信息,根據對RNA的The latest研究發現,RNA ribozymes可能同時具備這兩項功能,由此產生了RNA World theory.


            Passage 2 首先RNA ribozymes進化到當今的復雜程度需要很長時間,在地球存在4.5billions年里,這種發展進化速度是不可能的。


            其次,沒有證據表明RNA ribozymes在幾十億年前存在。Carter教授使用The latest技術進行了研究。人類基因密碼由兩大modern day enzymes族系轉譯。Carter教授發現這兩大族系由共有的identical cores來產生molecular fossil, 教授將其命名為Urzymes. 并推斷出此物質可能是古時早期生命信息的的存在狀態。



            文法部分

            考情分析:

            語法整體偏簡單,考察的都是常見知識點,文章難度不大,很容易讀懂。詞匯和固定搭配也很好識別。考到一題though在句子中間做插入語的情況,有2題transition的題目,一題是furthermore besides by contrast 區別,一題考到了rather。


            考試內容:

            The first篇:Dickens takes the stage

            英國著名作家Dickens在寫作之前做過表演,因此他想到把表演和寫作結合起來,朗讀他的小說給觀眾聽。舞臺布置非常簡單,只需要他的出現和他的聲音,他曾經在一場表演中模仿過23個人的聲音。由于Dickens之前做過舞臺相關工作,他經常和觀眾互動,很多觀眾成了他的朋友。他還進一步發展了這種intimacy,他鼓勵觀眾對表演作出公開的反應。他做了472場這樣的表演,是The first個成為名人的作家。


            第二篇:Fritz Pollard Beyond the Gridiron

            Fritz Pollard是1913年到1937年間著名的足球運動員和教練,他退役后從事里各種職業來促進美國黑人的職業發展。

            他最開始做專欄作家,推介美國黑人的運動成就,并促使NFL及其他運動聯盟消除種族隔離。他還同樣推介演技界的黑人演員。

            他還做黑人的經紀人,建立了sunstan studio,使很多黑人藝術家獲得成功。

            除此之謂他還做過稅務咨詢等,他把所有這些成就都歸功于他在足球上的成功。


            第三篇:Why we still need mapmkers

            講的是隨著科技的發展,是否還需要制作地圖的人,全文作者的觀點是依舊需要的 ,4篇詞匯題貌似只有1題考了considerating和considerable的區別,考察considerable做大量的意思比較簡單。句子排序題只有1題,圖表題在最后一篇出了1題。文章難度都一般,很容易讀懂。


            第四篇:The art of a cat’s lap

            講的是,研究貓喝牛奶時舔舌頭的頻率。Smith發現貓?奶是從舌頭下面流下去。于是開始研究貓的舐食行為,通過慢動作回放,得出結論:貓喝水的確是通過舌頭下面流下去的。之后,MIT研究人員也證實了Smith的部分。

            研究結果,同時提出貓的舐食行為的速度和準度也起到了很重要的作用。舔舐速度和受到的重力影響成反比。



            數學部分

            考情分析:

            整體偏簡單,基本沒有設置特別難的題干陷阱。題干長度和閱讀難度一般。幾何部分難點圓沒有考,統計部分難點標準差沒有考。沒有計算除出錯考生拿到滿分的難度不大。


            考試內容:

            第三第四部分各出了一題關于根據二元方程組解集的情況求系數問題,常規考點,一題no solution以及一題infinite solutions情況。

            此次對于二次函數的考察較多,出現了二次函數應用題求最值的問題,以及對于頂點式的考察。函數圖像的變化出的比較簡單,考到了上下平移的情況。

            統計方面,boxplot圖像再次出現,學習過相關內容的同學能夠很快求出range,margin of error的概念也再次出現。Mean,median出題點較多,標準差的題目沒有出現。line of best fit考了兩道,都以帶圖表的選擇題形式出現。

            此次幾何圓相關內容以及多項式函數和圖像性質并未涉及。

            應用題部分考到了比例尺題: 地圖上1inch represent 300 feet, 面積是12的地圖,當地圖長寬都增加50%后,1 inch 代表多少feet?



            寫作部分

            考情分析:

            這次寫作的文章題目取材于紐約時報,關于環境污染的問題,這類文章比較貼近考生日常學習,寫起來相對容易。


            考試內容:

            文章作者是Eric Betz, 選自2015年Los Angeles Times的一篇文章, 名為 “Let There be (Less) Light”, 文章主要探討了夜間光污染的問題. 文章的主旨在題目中的prompt中直接體現: “Cities must reduce light pollution”.


            寫作原文:

            DIRECTIONS

            The essay gives you an opportunity to show how effectively you can read and comprehend a passage and write an essay nalyzing the passage. In your essay, you should demonstrate that you have read the passage carefully,present a clear and logical analysis, and use language precisely.Your essay must be written on the lines provided in your answer booklet;except for the Planning Page of the answer booklet, you will receive no other paper on which to write. You will have enough space if you write on every line,avoid wide margins, and keep your handwriting to a reasonable size. Remember that people who are not familiar with your handwriting will read what you write.Try to write or print so that what you are writing is legible to those readers.

            REMINDERS

            1. Do not write your essay in this booklet. Only what you write on the lined pages of your answer booklet will be evaluated.

            2. An off-topic essay will not be evaluated.

            You have 50 minutes to read the passage and write an essay in response to the prompt provided inside this booklet.

            As you read the passage below, consider how Eric Betz uses

            ? evidence, such as facts or examples, to support claims.

            ? reasoning to develop ideas and to connect claims and evidence.

            ? stylistic or persuasive elements, such as word choice or appeals to emotion,to add power to the ideas expressed.

            Adapted from Eric Betz, “Let there be (less) light” ?2015 by the Los Angeles Times. Originally published August 16, 2015.

            1、Looking out across Los Angeles from Mt. Wilson Observatory at night, the hills and mountains look like islands in a sea of light. It was here that Edwin Hubble first proved our universe was expanding at a rapid pace. From this vantage point you can still make out the major constellations, but drive into the light bubble and suddenly the cosmos feels awfully far away. The city shines so bright it blocks out the stars, a phenomenon known as "skyglow."

            2、Light seeps into the sky from stadiums, malls, parking lots, offices and billboards. But streetlights, with their harsh bulbs, are the worst offenders. . . .

            3、We intuitively assume that more lights mean less crime. Indeed, police are often taught that, second to more cops, good lighting is the best crime deterrent.

            4、Yet decades of research show there's no scientific reason to believe that darker streets are inherently more dangerous. And, increasingly, researchers are finding that excess light is toxic for both humans and wildlife.

            5、In one study, published July 28 in the Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, researchers examined 14 years of data from 62 local authorities across England and Wales, hunting for crime and collision trends among agencies that reduced their lighting.

            6、But the health researchers found no link between collisions and lighting despite studying about 14,500 miles of roadways where streetlights were dimmed, lighted for only part of the night or shut off entirely. They also examined lighting's effect on crime and similarly found no increase in burglary, auto theft, robbery, violence or sexual assault in areas where lighting policy had changed.

            7、The scientists published a companion study based on surveys of 520 people living in darkened areas. Many residents said they didn't even notice the dimming, let alone feel threatened by an uptick in crime.

            8、Other studies back up these results. In 1998, for example, Chicago tried to fight crime with a three-phase plan that included upgrading 175,000 streetlights, as well as lights in transit stations and alleys around the city. The city kept experimental control areas unchanged and found that crime consistently increased in both the well-lighted and the control areas. Illinois criminal justice officials concluded that strolling down a dark alley was no more dangerous than doing so in a well-lighted one.

            9、All this should make taxpayers uneasy. Last week, the Cities at Night project released a report estimating that the European Union alone spends about $7 billion annually to power streetlights.

            10、But there's something much more troubling than wasted money about losing the night. A growing body of biological research suggests that nighttime lighting messes with the circadian rhythms of humans and other animals, wreaking havoc on everything from sleep patterns to DNA repair.

            11、Studies have shown that nighttime light exposure is a risk factor for some cancers, diabetes, heart disease and obesity. As scientists continue to gather evidence, the American Medical Assn. has already recommended that cities reduce light pollution and that people avoid staring at electronic screens after dark.

            12、LEDs are of particular concern. Cities around the world are converting from traditional yellow sodium-vapor lamps, which cast their light in a narrow range, to broad-spectrum LED streetlights. Los Angeles has installed 165,000 LEDs in recent years, slashing streetlight energy use by 60% and netting $8 million in energy savings annually.

            13、The problem is that these bright lamps increase skyglow by emitting more blue light than the older technology. They also could have unintended effects on wildlife. Artificial lights can disrupt navigation, mating and feeding among the many nocturnal animals that share our cities.

            14、A University of Bristol study published this month showed that certain moths can't perform evasive maneuvers against predatory bats under LEDs. And recent research in New Zealand shows some insects are 48% more attracted to the new LEDs than they were to the old-fashioned lights. The researchers worry that widespread use of the new technology will create a "white-light night" that intensifies light pollution's pressure on ecosystems.

            15、The psychological loss is less measurable. . . .

            16、What happens when people grow up without stars? Do they lose their connection to the cosmos that our ancestors tracked so carefully, night after night?


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